Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 22 April – Saint Pope Caius I (Died 613)

Saint of the Day – 22 April – Saint Pope Caius I (Died 613) – (presumed to be a Martyr) – also called Gaius, was the Bishop of Rome from 17 December 283 to his death in 296. Christian tradition makes him a native of the Dalmatian city of Salona, today Solin near Split, the son of a man also named Caius and a member of a noble family related to the Emperor Diocletian.pope caius

About 280, an early Christian house of worship was established on the site of Santa Susanna, which, like many of the earliest Christian meeting places, was in a house (domus ecclesiae).   The domus belonged, according to the sixth-century acta, to brothers named Caius and Gabinus, prominent Christians.   Caius may be this Pope, or Caius the Presbyter. Gabinus is the name given to the father of Saint Susanna (3rd century Martyr). Thus, sources state that Caius was the uncle of Saint Susanna.

Pope Caius reigned for 13 years until his death in 296 just before the Diocletian persecution.   He was a relative of the Emperor Diocletian – instigator of one of the last great persecution of Christians in the early years of the Church.   Early in his papacy Caius decreed that a man must be a priest before he could be ordained a bishop.PCaius

He is said to have been driven into hiding in the catacombs for eight years whence he died a confessor, however the source from which this information is gleaned is considered unreliable by most historians.   His successor was Pope Marcellinus (died 304).

Caius’ tomb, with the original epitaph, was discovered in the catacomb of Callixtus and in it the ring with which he used to seal his letters.   In 1631, his alleged residence in Rome was turned into a church.   However, it was demolished in 1880 to make room for the Ministry of War, on the Via XX Settembre and his relics were transferred to the chapel of the Barberini family in the Lateran.Pope-Caius-I

Saint Caius’s feast day is celebrated on 22 April, as is that of Saint Pope Soter (see his Biography- https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/04/22/saint-of-the-day-st-pope-soter-died-c-174/).   Both are mentioned under 22 April in the Roman Martyrology, the official list of recognised saints.   The entry for Saint Caius is as follows: “At Rome, in the cemetery of Callistus on the Via Appia, the burial of Saint Caius, Pope, who, fleeing from the persecution of Diocletian, died as a confessor of the faith.”

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Saints Pope Soter & Pope Caius

St Caius is venerated in Dalmatia and Venice.   In Florence, the church of San Gaggio on the via Senese was dedicated to him, the term Gaggio is a corruption of the name Cajo.

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Posted in MARTYRS, SAINT of the DAY

Memorials of the Saints – 22 April

St Abel McAedh
St Aceptismas of Hnaita
St Pope Agapitus I,
St Apelles of Smyrna
St Arwald
St Pope Caius I (Died 296)

St Epipodius of Lyon
St Euflamia
Bl Francis of Fabriano
St Helimenas
St Joseph of Persia
St Leo of Sens
St Leonidas of Alexandria
St Lucius of Laodicea
St Opportuna of Montreuil
St Senorina
St Pope Soter (Died c 174)
Biography:  https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/04/22/saint-of-the-day-st-pope-soter-died-c-174/

St Theodore of Sykeon (Died 613)
About St Theordore:  https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/04/22/saint-of-the-day-22-april-st-theodore-of-sykeon/
St Virginio

Martyrs of Alexandria:  No info yet

Martyrs of Persia: Bishops, priests, deacons and laity who were martyred in Persia and celebrated together. Several of them have their stories related in the Acta of Saints Abdon and Sennen.
• Abdiesus the Deacon
• Abrosimus
• Aceptismas of Hnaita
• Aithilahas of Persia
• Azadanes the Deacon
• Azades the Eunuch
• Bicor
• Chrysotelus of Persia
• Helimenas of Persia
• James of Persia
• Joseph of Persia
• Lucas of Persia
• Mareas
• Milles of Persia
• Mucius of Persia
• Parmenius of Persia
• Tarbula of Persia

Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 20 April – St Pope Anicetus (died c 20 April 168)

Saint of the Day – 20 April – St Pope Anicetus (died c 20 April 168) was the Bishop of Rome from c 157 to his death in 168.  st anicetus-3.jpgAccording to the Annuario Pontificio, the start of his papacy may have been 153.   Anicetus actively opposed Gnosticism and Marcionism.   He welcomed Polycarp of Smyrna (69-155) to Rome, to discuss the controversy over the date for the celebration of Easter.

Born in Emesa, Syria at the end of the first century, he came along at a time when most of the Apostles had already died.   Anicetus was of the generation of leaders who had never met any of the original leaders of the fledgling Church.

It is said that Anicetus came to Rome with St Justin Martyr (100-165), one of the first Christian apologists.   On the martyrdom of Pius I, Anicetus was elected to the bishopric of Rome.   He had quite a bit to face.Papa_Aniceto_cropped.jpg

First, the Gnostic heretics, Valentinian and Marcion, were still in Rome, still trying to sell their concepts of the two Gods, the tyrant of the Old Testament and the kind, loving God of the New.   Valentinian, who, Tertullian says, planned to become the Bishop of Rome but never got the chance, was eventually excommunicated.   There is no documentation as to who finally did the excommunication but it seems that St Polycarp of Smyrna may have done that.   At any rate, he moved back to Asia Minor soon after Anicetus became bishop.   His followers continued to raise havoc in Rome.   Marcion was excommunicated by his own father, the bishop of Sinope.   Because the Roman civilians listened so long to the teachings of these heretics, they tended to fall away from the intense teachings of Peter and Paul.   Anicetus worked very hard at re-educating his see.   He did make a rule to help distinguish the orthodox presbyters from the long-haired Gnostics, they had to keep their hair short.   As the early historian, Hegesippus, wrote, the whole city developed a zeal of sanctity.

Polycarp, the elderly bishop of Smyrna, had sat at the knee of St John the Evangelist and had conversed with others.   Many in the East revered him and clung to his every word. In the middle of the second century, the Eastern Church celebrated Easter Biblically, that is, the 14th day of Nisan, as defined as Passover, no matter what day of the week it fell on.   The Western Church had already been directed to celebrate Easter on the Sunday.  At this time, it was already becoming a straining point between the two segments of the Church.   In 160, the old, revered Polycarp came to Rome to discuss this with Anicetus. Eventually, neither would budge and they had to agreed to disagree.   Anicetus was not going to put the Church at risk by antagonising Polycarp and thus let it alone.   But many years later, this became one of the dividing arguments that split the Church.St anicetus-2.jpg

Soon after Marcus Aurelius became emperor, he must have noted the lack of worship of the standard Roman gods.   A brilliant man in his own right, Aurelius must have known the cause of this behaviour.   He quickly went to the source, Pope Anicetus and took him into custody.  As inflexible as ever in supporting the orthodoxy of the Church and making known the Good News of Jesus Christ, Anicetus did not alter his beliefs.   Most believed he was thereafter martyred for his faith but there are no historical grounds for this account.   17 or 20 April are two dates which have been cited as the date of his death and his memorial was originally on 17 April.   The Liber Pontificalis states he was buried in the cemetery of Callistus.

St Anicetus, pray for us.pope-saint-anicetus.jpg

Posted in HOLY WEEK, SAINT of the DAY

Easter Vigil in the Holy Night and Memorials of the Saints – 20 April

St Agnes of Montepulciano OP (1268-1317)
About St Agnes:  https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/04/20/saint-of-the-day-20-april-st-agnes-of-montepulciano/
St Pope Anicetus (Died c 168)

Bl Antony Page
St Caedwalla of Wessex
Bl Catwallon
Bl Chiara Bosatta
St Domninus of Digne
Bl Francis Page
Bl Gerald of Salles
Bl Harduin
Bl Hildegun of Schönau
St Hugh of Anzy-le-Duc
Bl James Bell
Bl John Finch
Bl John of Grace-Dieu
St Marcellinus – Bishop of Embrun (born in North Africa- died 374)
Biography:   https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/04/20/saint-of-the-day-20-april-st-marcellinus-of-embrun-born-in-north-africa-died-374/
St Marcian of Auxerre
St Margaret of Amelia
Bl Maurice MacKenraghty
St Michel Coquelet
Bl Oda of Rivreulle
Bl Richard Sergeant
St Sara of Antioch
St Secundinus of Córdoba
St Servilian
Bl Simon Rinalducci
St Sulpicius
St Theodore Trichinas
St Theotimus of Tomi
St Vincent of Digne
St Wiho of Osnabrück
Bl William Thomson

Posted in MARTYRS, SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 19 April – St Expeditus (Died 303) Martyr

Saint of the Day – 19 April – St Expeditus (Died 303) Martyr – Roman Centurion, Martyr – Patronages – emergencies, expeditious solution, against procrastination, merchants, navigators.Saint_Expeditus._Oil_painting_by_a_painter_of_Palermo_Wellcome_L0076176

His position in the army was not compatible with conversion to Christianity, as this seemed to be an open challenge to the authority of the emperor.   In the Roman Empire of the 3rd and early 4th century AD, any military commander who converted to Christianity and refused to worship and make sacrifices to their pagan gods, immediately was subjected to derision.   The emperor did not tolerate a commander who challenged his laws.  st expeditus

Expeditus was quickly betrayed by a jealous rival.   Upon learning these facts, the Caesar Galerius sent orders for an immediate end to what he considered a military revolt.   The execution order came quickly.   On 19 April in the year 303, during the reign of Diocletian, by order of emperor Caesar Galerius, son of a Pagan priestess, Expeditus was tortured and executed in Melitene, now a part of Turkey.   Expeditus, who had fought and defeated many enemies in a hundred battles fought with honour and loyalty to a Caesar and culture that gave no mercy.

Expeditus perished in a most cruel manner, first scourged in view of his legion and then when given the opportunity to repent, he refused without hesitation and was beheaded.

St Expeditus is little known and given the fact, that very little is known about his life, it is absolutely astounding that an ever-growing number of people thank him for his help every day.   They thank him because he has helped them.   He seems to help everyone who asks for it, regardless of the fact that he is not really known – something like St Veronica.st expeditus 2.jpg

St Expeditus, is the saint of “just and urgent causes.”   He is our advocate and our mediator before God  . Veneration of St Expeditus, is not recent.   In Turin Italy St Expeditus was the patron saint of traders in the early Middle Ages.   In Germany in the 1700’s St Expeditus was pictured as an old man with a white beard (symbolising wisdom) near a clock with the inscription “hodie” (“today” in Latin).   In the rest of the world, he is depicted as a young Roman soldier with a palm frond in his left hand and tramples a black crow that shouts “cras” (“tomorrow” in Latin) and holding a crucifix in his right hand which has the word “hodie” on it.

Tradition has it that one day, while thinking about embracing the Lord the devil appeared to him in the form of a black crow, with the intention of delaying his conversion as long as possible.   The bird squawked saying “cras, cras” but the devil failed, because Expeditus realising it, roared angrily and stomped on the bird while yelling “Hodie, hodie” ” Today, today!”   I will not leave anything for tomorrow, starting now I will be Christian.   I will become a Christian today, because tomorrow I could be dead and may forfeit my chance at salvation.   He immediately found a group of Christians who welcomed him into their community and baptised him into the faith.The_statue_of_St._Expeditus

Prayer to St Expeditus in Urgent Need

Our dear martyr and protector, Saint Expeditus,
You who know what is necessary and what is urgently needed.
I beg you to intercede before the Holy Trinity,
that by your intercession,
my request will be granted.
……………………
(Clearly express what you want
and ask him to find a way to help you.)
May I receive your blessings and favours.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Amen.

If Saint Expeditus grants your request, place an ad in the newspaper thanking Saint Expeditus, so that his name and fame will grow.

Posted in HOLY WEEK, HOLY WEEK 2019, SAINT of the DAY

Friday of the Passion of the Lord and Memorials of the Saints – 19 April

Friday of the Passion of the Lord *2019

St Alphege of Winchester (c 953–1012) ArchBishop and Martyr

About St Alphege:  https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/04/19/saint-of-the-day-19-april-st-alphege/

St Apollonius the Priest
St Aristonicus of Melitene
St Crescentius of Florence
St Expeditus (Died 303) 
St Gaius of Melitene
St Galata of Melitene
St George of Antioch
St Gerold of Saxony
St James Duckett
Bl Jaume Llach-Candell
St Pope Leo IX (1002-1054)
Biography: https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/04/19/saint-of-the-day-19-april-st-pope-leo-ix-1002-1954/

St Martha of Persia
Bl Ramon Llach-Candell
St Rufus of Melitene
St Vincent of Collioure

Martyrs of Carthage – 17 saints: A group of Christians martyred in the persecutions of Decius. We know little more than the names – Aristo, Basso, Credula, Donato, Ereda, Eremio, Fermo, Fortunata, Fortunio, Frutto, Julia, Mappalicus, Martial, Paul, Venusto, Victorinus and Victor. Died in the year 250 in prison in Carthage, North Africa (modern Tunis, Tunisia).

Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 18 April – Blessed James Oldo OFS (1364-1404)

Saint of the Day – 18 April – Blessed James Oldo OFS (1364-1404) – Priest, widower, Apostle of Charity, Preacher, painter, musician – born in 1364 in Lodi, near Milan, Italy and died on 18 April 1404 of an unknown natural cause, though it is believed it was the plague.  He is also known as James of Oldo, James D’Oldo, James of Lodi, Jakob, Jacopo, Giacomo. His body is incorrupt.blessed-james-oldo.jpg

Blessed James came from a wealthy family.   He was a painter, a singer, a musician and – it was said at the time – the best dancer in town.   James fell in love with Catherine in their home town and they found each other equally in love with the amusements that made up so much of their lives.   All was directed towards the finer goods of this world.

The plague broke out in Lodi, however and the, by now, parents of three young daughters, found themselves in danger.   So they left their city dwelling for Catherine’s father’s place in the country.   Despite those precautions, two of his daughters died from the plague.   James determined to use whatever time he had left to build up treasures in heaven and to build God’s realm on earth.   From then on he avoided the luscious pleasures of this life.   At that point he realised what a fool he had been in chasing down all these passing things.   He still painted but now it was only religious art designed to point the soul to Christ Jesus  . He spent the rest of this time in prayer, study, penance and in serving the poor and the sick, in doing all he could to make up for lost time.

His wife too turned to God in her sorrow.   She and her husband James, took vows of continence and became Secular Franciscans.   They converted their home into a chapel where small groups of people, many of them fellow Secular Franciscans, came for prayer and support.   They tore up all their fine clothing making vestments. They dismantled their jewellery in order to decorate the sacred vessels.

There home became a place of succour for all who needed care, one was a sick priest, who taught him Latin.   Upon the death of his wife, James himself became a priest.   He worked diligently until his dying day for the ill, the lonely, the imprisoned.   Indeed, he contracted the illness that killed him because he was so careless in embracing those who were suffering from unknown deseases.

Blessed James was beatified on 26 March 1934 by Pope Pius XI (cultus confirmed).   When his relics were moved seven years after his death, his body was found incorrupt and was then re-interred in the nearby Church of Sant’Egidio in 1580 and again it was re-interred in the Cathedral of Lodi in 1789, where his shrine now resides.

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Cathedral of Lodi